What is EMDR Therapy?

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EMDR Therapy has emerged as a highly promising treatment for trauma and related conditions. In this blog post, we will embark on a journey into the realm of Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy, delving into its inner workings, effectiveness, and the important bond between client and therapist.

EMDR Therapy: A Deeper Insight

EMDR therapy, administered by trained therapists, aids in processing traumatic events through eye movements or other forms of Bilateral stimulation. It facilitates the integration of traumatic memories in a more manageable way, alleviating emotional distress and enhancing mental clarity. EMDR therapy has gained widespread acclaim as a primary treatment for trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Exploring the Phases of EMDR Therapy

EMDR therapy consists of eight distinct phases, each playing a vital role in the treatment process. Let’s embark on a journey through these phases:

Phase 1: Gathering History and Treatment Planning
In the initial session, the therapist and client delve into the client’s background, establish therapeutic goals, and develop a comprehensive treatment plan.

Phase 2: Preparation
During this phase, the therapist takes the time to thoroughly explain the therapy process, ensuring the client comprehends it. Techniques such as eye movements or sounds are introduced, and a safe and supportive environment is carefully nurtured.

Phase 3: Processing
The therapist conducts a thorough evaluation of the specific traumatic memory, exploring its images, thoughts, emotions, and physical sensations. They activate the memory through stimulation while the client focuses on it.

Phase 4: Desensitisation
In this phase, the client immerses themselves in the memory while receiving gentle stimulation from the therapist. This aids in effectively processing the memory and reducing distressing emotions associated with it.

Phase 5: Installing Positive Cognition
Following desensitisation, the client identifies a positive belief that can be associated with the memory. The therapist works alongside the client to reinforce and solidify this positive belief.

Phase 6: Body Scanning
During this phase, the client pays close attention to physical sensations while focusing on memory and positive beliefs. If any distress arises, specific forms of stimulation are utilised to alleviate it.

Phase 7: Closure
If the memory is not fully processed within a single session, the therapist ensures the client’s well-being and offers closure until the next session. Reassurance and support are provided during this crucial transition.

Phase 8: Re-evaluation
In subsequent sessions, the therapist evaluates the progress made and the client’s current psychological state. They address any new memories that may have surfaced and continue the therapeutic journey by targeting the next memory.

The Unique Aspects of EMDR Therapy

EMDR therapy sets itself apart by directly addressing traumatic memories rather than solely focusing on thoughts and emotions. It works to reorganise the way these memories are stored, leading to a more efficient and accelerated healing process. Notably, clients are not required to extensively relive distressing memories, making EMDR therapy an exceptional and effective approach.

Duration and Research Findings

EMDR therapy typically spans 6–12 sessions, held once or twice a week. However, the exact number of sessions may vary based on individual needs. Research supports the positive outcomes of EMDR therapy for trauma and PTSD. WHO has endorsed EMDR has the gold standard therapy for trauma processing.

EMDR Therapy’s Broad Applicability

While initially developed for trauma and PTSD, EMDR therapy has shown promise in treating various conditions, including eating disorders and personality disorders that stem from underlying trauma. By addressing the core causes of these disorders, EMDR therapy offers a comprehensive and effective treatment approach.


EMDR therapy stands as a powerful and innovative psychotherapy modality that instils hope and brings healing to individuals affected by trauma and related conditions. With its unique approach and proven effectiveness, EMDR therapy continues to make significant strides in the field of mental health. By shedding light on its inner mechanisms and essential phases, our aim is to inspire those seeking healing to embrace the transformative benefits that EMDR therapy can offer.

Take the first step towards healing and recovery today. Contact Light Mind Counselling, our trusted counselling service, to learn more about how EMDR therapy can help you overcome trauma and reclaim your life. Our compassionate and experienced therapists are here to support you on your journey to healing and well-being.

Don’t let trauma hold you back any longer. Reach out to Light Mind Counselling and discover the power of EMDR therapy to transform lives.

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